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1. 叶绿素荧光动力学参数的意义及讨论
张守仁
植物学报    1999, 16 (04): 444-448.  
摘要3283)      PDF (215KB)(1617)    收藏
叶绿素荧光动力学技术被称为研究植物光合功能的快速、无损伤探针。但其参数众多,且名称及在参数的生物学意义解释上存在不规范和混乱现象。本文通过对这些问题的讨论旨在引起使用者的注意,并探讨正确使用这些参数的途径。
被引次数: CSCD(935)
2. 膜脂过氧化与植物逆境胁迫
陈少裕
植物学报    1989, 6 (04): 211-217.  
摘要1509)      PDF (501KB)(649)    收藏
本文简述了膜脂过氧化的概念及其对细胞的损伤机理,并对膜脂过氧化与植物逆境胁迫的关系以及植物对膜脂过氧化的酶促和非酶促防御能力与植物抗逆性的关系进行了评述。
3. 试论生物多样性的概念
马克平
生物多样性    1993, 01 (1): 20-22.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.1993005
摘要 ( 6200 )    PDF (277KB)(12349)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(1467)
4. 植物耐干旱胁迫的生物学机理及其基因工程研究进展
陈善福 舒庆尧
植物学报    1999, 16 (05): 555-560.  
摘要1533)      PDF (318KB)(1255)    收藏
本文介绍了干旱胁迫对植物的伤害,植物耐早性的生物学机理以及通过基因工程改良作物耐旱性的研究进展。
被引次数: CSCD(90)
5. 植物抗寒机理研究的新进展
简令成
植物学报    1992, 9 (03): 17-22.  
摘要927)      PDF (360KB)(1262)    收藏
6. 逆境条件下植物体内渗透调节物质的积累与活性氧代谢
王娟 李德全
植物学报    2001, 18 (04): 459-465.  
摘要1601)      PDF (224KB)(2596)    收藏
本文介绍逆境胁迫下植物体内渗透调节物质的积累和作用,及其对活性氧的产生与清除的影响。阐述以脯氨酸为代表的渗透调节物质对活性氧的直接清除作用,Ca2+、甜菜碱等对抗氧化酶活性及抗氧化剂含量的影响。近年来人们广泛利用转基因技术合成脯氨酸、甜菜碱,为提高作物的抗氧化能力及培育抗逆新品种提供了一条有效途径。
被引次数: CSCD(113)
7. Rates of litter decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems: global patterns and controlling factors
Deqiang Zhang, Dafeng Hui, Yiqi Luo, Guoyi Zhou
Journal of Plant Ecology    2008, 1 (2): 85-93.   DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtn002
摘要333)      PDF    收藏
Aims We aim to construct a comprehensive global database of litter decomposition rate (k value) estimated by surface floor litterbags, and investigate the direct and indirect effects of impact factors such as geographic factors (latitude and altitude), climatic factors (mean annual tempePlrature, MAT; mean annual precipitation, MAP) and litter quality factors (the contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and C:N ratio, lignin:N ratio) on litter decomposition.
Methods We compiled a large data set of litter decomposition rates (k values) from 110 research sites and conducted simple, multiple regression and path analyses to explore the relationship between the k values and impact factors at the global scale.
Important findings The k values tended to decrease with latitude (LAT) and lignin content (LIGN) of litter but increased with temperature, precipitation and nutrient concentrations at the large spatial scale. Single factor such as climate, litter quality and geographic variable could not explain litter decomposition rates well. However, the combination of total nutrient (TN) elements and C:N accounted for 70.2% of the variation in the litter decomposition rates. The combination of LAT, MAT, C:N and TN accounted for 87.54% of the variation in the litter decomposition rates. These results indicate that litter quality is the most important direct regulator of litter decomposition at the global scale. This data synthesis revealed significant relationships between litter decomposition rates and the combination of climatic factor (MAT) and litter quality (C:N, TN). The global-scale empirical relationships developed here are useful for a better understanding and modeling of the effects of litter quality and climatic factors on litter decomposition rates.
被引次数: Baidu(960)
8. 重金属离子对高等植物光合膜结构与功能的影响
杨丹慧
植物学报    1991, 8 (03): 26-29.  
摘要916)      PDF (286KB)(941)    收藏
9. Models and estimators linking individual-based and sample-based rarefaction, extrapolation and comparison of assemblages
Robert K. Colwell, Anne Chao, Nicholas J. Gotelli, Shang-Yi Lin, Chang Xuan Mao, Robin L. Chazdon, John T. Longino
Journal of Plant Ecology    2012, 5 (1): 3-21.   DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtr044
摘要330)      PDF    收藏
Aims In ecology and conservation biology, the number of species counted in a biodiversity study is a key metric but is usually a biased underestimate of total species richness because many rare species are not detected. Moreover, comparing species richness among sites or samples is a statistical challenge because the observed number of species is sensitive to the number of individuals counted or the area sampled. For individual-based data, we treat a single, empirical sample of species abundances from an investigator-defined species assemblage or community as a reference point for two estimation objectives under two sampling models: estimating the expected number of species (and its unconditional variance) in a random sample of (i) a smaller number of individuals (multinomial model) or a smaller area sampled (Poisson model) and (ii) a larger number of individuals or a larger area sampled. For sample-based incidence (presence–absence) data, under a Bernoulli product model, we treat a single set of species incidence frequencies as the reference point to estimate richness for smaller and larger numbers of sampling units.
Methods The first objective is a problem in interpolation that we address with classical rarefaction (multinomial model) and Coleman rarefaction (Poisson model) for individual-based data and with sample-based rarefaction (Bernoulli product model) for incidence frequencies. The second is a problem in extrapolation that we address with sampling-theoretic predictors for the number of species in a larger sample (multinomial model), a larger area (Poisson model) or a larger number of sampling units (Bernoulli product model), based on an estimate of asymptotic species richness. Although published methods exist for many of these objectives, we bring them together here with some new estimators under a unified statistical and notational framework. This novel integration of mathematically distinct approaches allowed us to link interpolated (rarefaction) curves and extrapolated curves to plot a unified species accumulation curve for empirical examples. We provide new, unconditional variance estimators for classical, individual-based rarefaction and for Coleman rarefaction, long missing from the toolkit of biodiversity measurement. We illustrate these methods with datasets for tropical beetles, tropical trees and tropical ants.
Important findings Surprisingly, for all datasets we examined, the interpolation (rarefaction) curve and the extrapolation curve meet smoothly at the reference sample, yielding a single curve. Moreover, curves representing 95% confidence intervals for interpolated and extrapolated richness estimates also meet smoothly, allowing rigorous statistical comparison of samples not only for rarefaction but also for extrapolated richness values. The confidence intervals widen as the extrapolation moves further beyond the reference sample, but the method gives reasonable results for extrapolations up to about double or triple the original abundance or area of the reference sample. We found that the multinomial and Poisson models produced indistinguishable results, in units of estimated species, for all estimators and datasets. For sample-based abundance data, which allows the comparison of all three models, the Bernoulli product model generally yields lower richness estimates for rarefied data than either the multinomial or the Poisson models because of the ubiquity of non-random spatial distributions in nature.
被引次数: Baidu(934)
10. 胁迫条件下高等植物体内脯氨酸代谢及调节的研究进展
赵福庚 刘友良
植物学报    1999, 16 (05): 540-546.  
摘要1353)      PDF (496KB)(1141)    收藏
概述胁迫处理对Pro代谢调节机理的研究近况,从分子水平上分析了胁迫下Pro积累的原因,初步提出Pro与多胺的相互关系。
被引次数: CSCD(76)
11. 植物谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶研究进展
苗雨晨, 白玲, 苗琛, 陈珈, 宋纯鹏
植物学报    2005, 22 (03): 350-356.  
摘要2031)      PDF (46KB)(893)    收藏
氧化胁迫可诱导植物多种防御酶的产生, 其中包括超氧化物歧化酶(SOD, EC1.15.1.1)、抗坏血酸过氧化物酶(APX, EC1.11.1.11)、过氧化氢酶(CAT, E.C.1.11.1.6 )和谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GPXs,EC1.11.1.9)。它们在清除活性氧过程中起着不同的作用。GPXs是动物体内清除氧自由基的主要酶类,但它在植物中的功能报道甚少。最近几年研究表明, 植物体内也存在类似于哺乳动物的GPXs家族, 并对其功能研究已初见端倪。本文综述了有关GPXs的结构以及植物GPXs功能的研究进展。
被引次数: CSCD(30)
12. 生物群落多样性的测度方法Ⅰα多样性的测度方法(上)
马克平
生物多样性    1994, 02 (3): 162-168.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.1994027
摘要 ( 4443 )    PDF (584KB)(3491)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(904)
13. 生物群落多样性的测度方法Ⅰ α 多样性的测度方法(下)
马克平, 刘玉明
生物多样性    1994, 02 (4): 231-239.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.1994038
摘要 ( 5862 )    PDF (585KB)(12566)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(904)
14. Remote sensing imagery in vegetation mapping: a review
Yichun Xie, Zongyao Sha, Mei Yu
Journal of Plant Ecology    2008, 1 (1): 9-23.   DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtm005
摘要304)      PDF    收藏
Aims Mapping vegetation through remotely sensed images involves various considerations, processes and techniques. Increasing availability of remotely sensed images due to the rapid advancement of remote sensing technology expands the horizon of our choices of imagery sources. Various sources of imagery are known for their differences in spectral, spatial, radioactive and temporal characteristics and thus are suitable for different purposes of vegetation mapping. Generally, it needs to develop a vegetation classification at first for classifying and mapping vegetation cover from remote sensed images either at a community level or species level. Then, correlations of the vegetation types (communities or species) within this classification system with discernible spectral characteristics of remote sensed imagery have to be identified. These spectral classes of the imagery are finally translated into the vegetation types in the image interpretation process, which is also called image processing. This paper presents an overview of how to use remote sensing imagery to classify and map vegetation cover.
Methods Specifically, this paper focuses on the comparisons of popular remote sensing sensors, commonly adopted image processing methods and prevailing classification accuracy assessments.
Important findings The basic concepts, available imagery sources and classification techniques of remote sensing imagery related to vegetation mapping were introduced, analyzed and compared. The advantages and limitations of using remote sensing imagery for vegetation cover mapping were provided to iterate the importance of thorough understanding of the related concepts and careful design of the technical procedures, which can be utilized to study vegetation cover from remote sensed images.
被引次数: Baidu(882)
15. 中国土壤和植物养分管理现状与改进策略
张福锁 崔振岭 王激清 李春俭 陈新平
植物学报    2007, 24 (06): 687-694.  
摘要1504)      PDF (197KB)(3015)    收藏
针对当前我国农业生产面临增肥不增产、土壤养分过量累积、化肥施用过量和养分利用效率下降等重大问题, 本文综述了中国土壤养分与植物营养状况的历史演变和研究进展, 提出中国植物营养科学研究应在跟踪国际科学前沿的同时, 紧密结合中国农业生产实际, 通过大幅度提高养分效率和作物产量为农业可持续发展做出应有的贡献。
被引次数: CSCD(170)
16. 植物功能性状与环境和生态系统功能
孟婷婷, 倪健, 王国宏
植物生态学报    2007, 31 (1): 150-165.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2007.0019
摘要 ( 6851 ) HTML255)    PDF (682KB)(7782)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(811) CSCD(288)
17. Phototropins and Their LOV Domains: Versatile Plant Blue-Light Receptors
Winslow R. Briggs, Tong-Seung Tseng, Hae-Young Cho, Trevor E. Swartz, Stuart Sullivan, Roberto A. Bogomolni, Eirini Kaiserli and John M. Christie
J Integr Plant Biol    2007, 49 (1): 4-10.   DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7909.2006.00406.x
摘要3248)      收藏

The phototropins phot1 and phot2 are plant blue-light receptors that mediate phototropism, chloroplast movements, stomatal opening, leaf expansion, the rapid inhibition of hypocotyl growth in etiolated seedlings, and possibly solar tracking by leaves in those species in which it occurs. The phototropins are plasma membrane-associated hydrophilic proteins with two chromophore domains (designated LOV1 and LOV2 for their resemblance to domains in other signaling proteins that detect light, oxygen, or voltage) in their N-terminal half and a classic serine/threonine kinase domain in their C-terminal half. Both chromophore domains bind flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and both undergo light-activated formation of a covalent bond between a nearby cysteine and the C(4a) carbon of the FMN to form the signaling state. LOV2-cysteinyl adduct formation leads to the release downstream of a tightly bound amphipathic 冄-helix, a step required for activation of the kinase function. This cysteinyl adduct then slowly decays over a matter of seconds or minutes to return the photoreceptor chromophore modules to their ground state. Functional LOV2 is required for light-activated phosphorylation and for various blue-light responses mediated by the phototropins. The function of LOV1 is still unknown, although it may serve to modulate the signal generated by LOV2. The LOV domain is an ancient chromophore module found in a wide range of otherwise unrelated proteins in fungi and prokaryotes, the latter including cyanobacteria, eubacteria, and archaea. Further general reviews on the phototropins are those by Celaya and Liscum (2005) and Christie and Briggs (2005).Author for correspondence. Tel: +1 650 325 1521 (extension 207); Fax: +1 650 325 06857; E-mail: briggs@stanford.edu

被引次数: Baidu(793)
18. 植物群落清查的主要内容、方法和技术规范
方精云, 王襄平, 沈泽昊, 唐志尧, 贺金生, 于丹, 江源, 王志恒, 郑成洋, 朱江玲, 郭兆迪
生物多样性    2009, 17 (6): 533-548.   DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.09253
摘要 ( 9851 ) HTML198)    PDF (661KB)(13034)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(772) CSCD(456)
19. 中国陆地植被净初级生产力遥感估算
朱文泉, 潘耀忠, 张锦水
植物生态学报    2007, 31 (3): 413-424.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2007.0050
摘要 ( 6423 ) HTML211)    PDF (585KB)(6055)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(757) CSCD(379)
20. 生物膜与植物寒害和抗寒性的关系
简令成
植物学报    1983, 1 (01): 17-23.  
摘要1471)      PDF (610KB)(791)    收藏
21. 叶绿素荧光动力学在植物抗性生理学、生态学和农业现代化中的应用
林世青 许春辉 张其德 徐黎 毛大璋 匡廷云
植物学报    1992, 9 (01): 1-16.  
摘要1061)      PDF (915KB)(1799)    收藏
22. ROC曲线分析在评价入侵物种分布模型中的应用
王运生, 谢丙炎, 万方浩, 肖启明, 戴良英
生物多样性    2007, 15 (4): 365-372.   DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.060280
摘要 ( 6110 )    PDF (442KB)(5964)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(735) CSCD(311)
23. 生物群落多样性的测度方法Ⅲ 与物种-多度分布模型有关的统计问题
刘灿然, 马克平, 周文能
生物多样性    1995, 03 (3): 157-169.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.1995029
摘要 ( 3654 )    PDF (643KB)(2541)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(722)
24. 长期施肥对土壤微生物量及土壤酶活性的影响
刘恩科, 赵秉强, 李秀英, 姜瑞波, 李燕婷, Hwat Bing So
植物生态学报    2008, 32 (1): 176-182.   DOI: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2008.01.020
摘要 ( 5543 ) HTML35)    PDF (371KB)(5100)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(712) CSCD(154)
25. NaCl对光合作用影响的研究进展
朱新广 张其德
植物学报    1999, 16 (04): 332-338.  
摘要1922)      PDF (371KB)(953)    收藏
对NaCl对光合作用影响的几个重要方面的研究进展进行了综述,包括NaCl对光合作用的影响途径,气孔效应与非气孔效应,NaCl对光能吸收与转换、光合电子传递、光合磺素同化的影响及盐与其他胁迫因子对PSⅡ活性的协同影响等,对今后这些方面研究中的重点内容与趋势进行了评述。
被引次数: CSCD(151)
26. 土壤微生物多样性影响因素及研究方法的现状与展望
周桔, 雷霆
生物多样性    2007, 15 (3): 306-311.   DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.070069
摘要 ( 6046 )    PDF (221KB)(8782)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(680) CSCD(109)
27. 高寒草甸退化过程中群落生产力和物种多样性的非线性响应机制研究
陈宁, 张扬建, 朱军涛, 李军祥, 刘瑶杰, 俎佳星, 丛楠, 黄珂, 王荔
植物生态学报    2018, 42 (1): 50-65.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2017.0252
摘要 ( 2391 ) HTML174)    PDF (1907KB)(3748)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(680) CSCD(21)
28. 中国草地植被生物量及其空间分布格局
朴世龙, 方精云, 贺金生, 肖玉
植物生态学报    2004, 28 (4): 491-498.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2004.0067
摘要 ( 4902 )    PDF (274KB)(3961)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(661) CSCD(282)
29. 土壤微生物学特性对土壤健康的指示作用
周丽霞, 丁明懋
生物多样性    2007, 15 (2): 162-171.   DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.060290
摘要 ( 7515 )    PDF (357KB)(9482)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(644) CSCD(145)
30. 生物群落多样性的测度方法Ⅱ β多样性的测度方法
马克平, 刘灿然, 刘玉明
生物多样性    1995, 03 (1): 38-43.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.1995007
摘要 ( 3873 )    PDF (408KB)(5248)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(641)
31. 植物胚胎学实验方法(一) 花粉生活力的测定
胡适宜
植物学报    1993, 10 (02): 60-62.  
摘要1341)      PDF (2449KB)(1022)    收藏
32. 中国外来入侵生物的危害与管理对策
万方浩, 郭建英, 王德辉
生物多样性    2002, 10 (1): 119-125.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.2002014
摘要 ( 7019 )    PDF (205KB)(9737)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(607) CSCD(168)
33. 花粉的保存及其生活力测定
王钦丽 卢龙斗 吴小琴 陈祖铿 林金星
植物学报    2002, 19 (03): 365-373.  
摘要2009)      PDF (276KB)(2459)    收藏
花粉是种子植物的雄配子体,在有性繁殖中发挥着重要作用。采集的花粉和贮存的花粉,在使用之前必须作生活力的鉴定,以估价花粉是否有授精能力,并掌握花粉的形态和生理特征。本文对花粉的采集与保存、花粉生活力的概念及花粉生活力的测定方法作了详细的介绍,并对各种方法的优缺点进行了讨论。
被引次数: CSCD(126)
34. 植物繁育系统研究的最新进展和评述
何亚平, 刘建全
植物生态学报    2003, 27 (2): 151-163.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2003.0024
摘要 ( 3410 )    PDF (495KB)(3672)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(575) CSCD(116)
35. 地理生态学的干燥度指数及其应用评述
孟猛, 倪健, 张治国
植物生态学报    2004, 28 (6): 853-861.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2004.0111
摘要 ( 4597 )    PDF (315KB)(4459)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(571) CSCD(161)
36. 转基因植物
贾士荣 曹冬孙
植物学报    1992, 9 (02): 3-15.  
摘要1376)      PDF (589KB)(1288)    收藏
被引次数: CSCD(7)
37. 南亚热带森林不同演替阶段植物与土壤中N、P的化学计量特征
刘兴诏, 周国逸, 张德强, 刘世忠, 褚国伟, 闫俊华
植物生态学报    2010, 34 (1): 64-71.   DOI: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.01.010
摘要 ( 3096 ) HTML16)    PDF (493KB)(2742)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(546) CSCD(226)
38. 标准化降水指标与Z指数在我国应用的对比分析
袁文平, 周广胜
植物生态学报    2004, 28 (4): 523-529.   DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2004.0071
摘要 ( 3808 )    PDF (307KB)(3727)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(544) CSCD(207)
39. 新一代分子标记——SNPs及其应用
邹喻苹, 葛颂
生物多样性    2003, 11 (5): 370-382.   DOI: 10.17520/biods.2003045
摘要 ( 6794 )    PDF (491KB)(3694)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(540) CSCD(43)
40. 生物多样性监测研讨班在美国举办
马克平, 王恩明
生物多样性    1994, 02 (3): 184-186.  
摘要   ( 271 )    PDF (215KB)(241)    收藏
被引次数: Baidu(540)